Oakland is Alameda County, California, USA’s biggest town and county seat. A significant port town on the West Coast, Oakland is San Francisco Bay Area’s biggest town in the East Bay area, the fifth biggest town in the San Francisco Bay Area, California’s eighth most populated town, and the 45th biggest town in the United States. It has a population of 432,897 as of 2019 and serves as a trading hub for the San Francisco Bay Area; its Port of Oakland is the biggest port in San Francisco Bay, Northern California as a whole, and the fifth busiest in the United States.
The territory of Oakland includes what was once a mosaic of California’s coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, and north coastal scrub. Its soil served as a wealthy resource when its hillside oak and redwood timber were harvested to construct San Francisco. The fertile flatland soils of Oakland helped it to become a prolific agricultural region. In the late 1860s, Oakland was chosen as the Transcontinental Railroad’s western terminal. Following the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, many residents of San Francisco relocated to Oakland, expanding the population of the city, expanding their housing inventory and enhancing their infrastructure.
Following his inauguration in 1999, Oakland Mayor Jerry Brown continued the public policy of his predecessor, Elihu Harris, to support downtown housing development in the region identified as the Central Business District in the 1998 General Plan of Oakland.[64 ] Brown’s plan and other redevelopment initiatives were contentious owing to prospective rent rises and gentrification that would displace low-income inhabitants.